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Wednesday, February 10, 2016
What is Ash Wednesday?
A nun places the sign of the cross sign on on a child's head in Manila, the Philippines. Photo: Aaron Favila
At church services across the world, the ashes of burned palm branches mixed with holy water or oil are applied in the shape of a cross on the heads of worshippers.
The palms used during Ash Wednesday themselves hark back to a more joyous celebration: the previous year's Palm Sunday, which celebrates Jesus's return to Jerusalem when he was greeted by crowds waving palm branches.
The symbol of Ash Wednesday. Photo: Steven Siewert
The marking of the cross is accompanied by the words: "Repent, and believe in the Gospel" (based on Mark 1:15) or "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return" (based on Genesis 3:19).
Ash Wednesday sets off the beginning of Lent, a 40-day period of penitence and reflection that commemorates trial and deprivation faced by Jesus during his time in the desert.
The practice of marking the forehead with a symbol of penance, mourning and mortality was originally observed by Roman Catholics. But Christian Today notes that Methodists, Episcopalians, Presbyterians, Lutherans, and other Protestant denominations now also practise it.
This symbolism of the ashes also carries additional meaning for those caught up in the deadly bushfires that occurred in Victoria and South Australia on Ash Wednesday in 1983, claiming 75 lives.
This year's Ash Wednesday falls on February 10, ahead of Easter March on March 27.